Cappadocia History and Importance

5th in Cappadocia Times List of 25 25 New Wonders of the World Kap

You cannot see the fairy chimneys seen in several parts of the world as intensely as anywhere else in Cappadocia. Cappadocia, which ranked 5th in the esine New 25 Wonders of the World list published in the Times, has also been on the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List since 1985.

From the first day you come here, you will realize that Cappadocia, with its nature, history, and legends, melts art, culture, sports, entertainment and romance into a pot and promises a unique world. It has such a mystical feel that it is a unique geography where you can discover yourself among many other things. Obviously words are not enough to tell this extraordinary place if you still have to go and see with your own eyes.

Importance of Cappadocia

Nevşehir,Niğde,Kırşehir,Aksaray and Kayseri including the region called Cappadocia in general, about 60 million years ago, Erciyes Mountain, Güllü Mountain and Hasan Mountain created by the volcanic land of the ash and soft layer, for millions of years of wind and it is a very characteristic region shaped by its erosion with rain water. Although natural conditions form the basis of this region, the lives lived in fairy chimneys carved by human beings constitute the main magical side of Cappadocia.

Traces of human life in this region date back to the Paleolithic period. Once the Hittites lived, the region became one of the most important centers of Christianity. The underground cities, fairy chimneys and caves in the region allow Christians in the region to live safely in privacy during the Roman Empire, where Christianity was forbidden. There are many churches carved into the rocks and built into underground cities.

History Of Cappadocia

Since Cappadocia is one of the cities on the historical Silk Road, it becomes one of the places developed by trade during the Hittites. B.C. By the 12th century, the Hittite Empire collapsed. In the 6th century BC, the Persian Empire gave Cappadocia its name today, meaning the Land of Beautiful Horses. B.C. Alexander the Great defeated the Persian Empire in 332, Cappadocia Kingdom was established, but M.S. In 17, Cappadocia became part of the Roman Empire.

In the 3rd century, Cappadocia became a place where Christians who escaped from Roman oppression settled with the natural conditions in the region being suitable for hiding and living secret lives. In this way, this region has received its share from Icon Enmity to a minimum. Again during this period, Arab raids took place in the region. In the 11th and 12th centuries, the influence of the Seljuks can be seen. During the Ottoman period, the waters settled down and the region was finally at peace. The last Christians in Cappadocia emigrate from the region after the Lausanne Treaty.

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